Embodied cognition In cognitive linguisticsabstract concepts are transformations of concrete concepts derived from embodied experience. A common class of blends are metaphors. This theory contrasts with the rationalist view that concepts are perceptions or recollections, in Plato 's term of an independently existing world of ideas, in that it denies the existence of any such realm.
References and Further Reading 1. Exemplar models were also being developed during this time, but the prototype theory encapsulated many of the views which were the foils against which the Theory-Theory developed its main assumptions.
These theories assume that concepts represent statistical information about the categories that they pick out. The concept tree represents the properties that people take to be typical of trees: These comprise the tree prototype or stereotype. This stereotype is acquired by a process of abstraction from examples: This summary is often represented as a list of features that belong to category members.
Properties that are more frequently perceived in the instances will be assigned a greater feature weight in the prototype. This process of concept acquisition is often portrayed as a passive one.
Similarity computations also explain other phenomena, such as the fact that some objects are better examples of a category than others flamingos and penguins are atypical birds since they lack most of the prototypical bird features.
The prototype theory has several characteristics which made it a fitting target for Theory theorists. First, it suggests that concepts have a basically superficial nature.
Often, though not invariably, features in prototypes were assumed to be readily perceivable. Prototype theory was thus affiliated with a certain empiricist bent. This was reinforced by the fact that prototypes are acquired by a simple statistical-associative process akin to that assumed by classical empiricists.
Second, prototype theory involved a relatively impoverished account of conceptual development and deployment. Concepts passively adjust themselves to new stimuli, and these stimuli activate stored concepts in virtue of their resemblances, but there is little role for active revision or reflective deployment of these concepts.
In the wake of the anti-empiricist backlash that gave rise to contemporary cognitive science, particularly in cognitive-developmental psychology, these assumptions were ripe for questioning.
Origins of the View The Theory-Theory itself has a somewhat complicated origin story, with roots in a number of philosophical and psychological doctrines.
One is the reaction against stage theories of cognitive development, particularly Piagetian and Vygotskian theories. Each stage is characterized by a distinctive set of representations and processes. Similarly, Vygotsky held that children move from a stage of representing categories in terms of sensory images of individual objects, through a stage of creating representations of objectively unified categories, and finally a stage of categories arranged around abstract, logical relationships.
Early childhood cognition, in short, involves being perceptually bound.Napkin Finance is a multimedia company that aims to break down complicated financial concepts through text, video, and illustrations. It covers topics like . It can explain how concepts would be acquired, how we use them to categorize and how we use the structure of a concept to determine its referent class.
In fact, for many years it was one of the major activities in philosophy – concept analysis.
Explain concepts. This section contains Explain conceptual information. Access plan Certain data is necessary to resolve an explainable statement.
An access plan specifies an order of operations for accessing this data. Cursor blocking. His answer is a prime exercise of how you can build your whole presentation around a complex concept brilliantly and understandably.
Here are five ways that you too can effectively explain complicated concepts in your speeches and presentations. Explain high-level concepts Educate new users about the most basic and important concepts in the product before they start. For example, to be successful with JIRA it’s important users understand projects, issues and workflows, and how these concepts relate to each other.
Using Metaphors to Explain Nutrition According to registered dietitian nutritionists with experience teaching nutrition in developing areas of Central America, metaphors and simple concepts are useful in teaching basic nutrition.