Introduction History Theophrastus ca. He has been called the "father of Botany", and wrote of how chickpea "exhausts" the soil and destroys weeds. He also mentioned that Walnut trees are toxic to other plants. Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, a botanist and naturalist, insuggested that soil sickness was caused by chemicals released by the crop.
Initial empirical studies of allelopathic interactions began to appear around the s, and since then the field has grown rapidly. The importance of these interactions has been shown for many ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic.
Allelopathy is currently considered an important factor for the structure and dynamics of communities and is viewed as a competitive advantage that exotic plants have in their introduced ranges. Inhibitory chemicals against native plant species in introduced systems are thought to be one of the key traits associated with plant species invasiveness.
The field has changed from methodological concerns on how to support the occurrence of allelopathy i. The readings presented in this bibliography include the history of allelopathy Historical Backgroundmethodological aspects Methodological Aspects, Allelopathy vs.
CompetitionBiochemistry and PhysiologyEcological Aspectsits relation with invasional success Invasionits occurrence in different ecosystems Allelopathy in Different Ecosystemsand its applications Applied Allelopathy in Agriculture and Forestry.
General Overviews Although the concept of allelopathy was described at the beginning of the 20th century, it was not until the publication of Muller that empirical evidence of these interactions was provided.
In this classic paper, bioassays for volatile compounds were used along with the extraction of the terpenoids responsible for the allelopathic inhibitory interactions. Later, a broad review, Ricesummarized the knowledge of allelopathic interactions, including applied aspects.
This review paper is comprehensive, although currently is not up to date, and raised many questions. Langenheim provides an ecological perspective on the role of terpenoids in which allelopathy is discussed.
This specific aspect of allelopathy is augmented by Wardle, et al. After this paper, the link between allelopathy and the success of plant invasions became a central theme in allelopathic studies.
Hierro and Callaway presents the idea that allelopathic interactions are the basis for the success of exotic plants.
An interesting perspective on the role of allelopathy in community dynamics and structure for microbes is presented by Czaran, et al. On the applied side, Weston provides a comprehensive review of the applications of allelopathy in cropping systems for weed management.
Perry, Simon Gilroy, and Jorge M. The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organisms. Annual Review of Plant Biology A definition and methodological aspects of root exudates are also provided.
Hoekstra, and Ludo Pagie.
Chemical warfare between microbes promotes biodiversity. The authors used a model to test the hypothesis that antibiotic interactions within microbial communities are the key to the maintenance of diversity.
Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion.
Plant and Soil The main argument is based on the prominent monocultures that exotics establish and the hypothesis that resident plants will be naive toward chemicals released by newly arrived species. A phytocentric overview of their ecological roles. Journal of Chemical Ecology Among these interactions, allelopathy is included, and a discussion of how these compounds are involved in ecological interactions is presented.
Role of chemical inhibition allelopathy in vegetational composition.
Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club A classic paper, one of the first papers that provided empirical evidence of allelopathic interactions.
Muller used bioassays on shrubs of southern California and extracted their terpenes. A link between allelopathy, community dynamics, and succession is also provided.
The author presents the many disciplines where allelopathy has a role, emphasizes its applied aspect, covers its ecological function, and discusses the mechanisms of some allelopathic compounds.
An ecosystem-level perspective of allelopathy.After this paper, the link between allelopathy and the success of plant invasions became a central theme in allelopathic studies. Hierro and Callaway presents the idea that allelopathic interactions are the basis for the success of exotic plants.
Allelopathic Impact of Plants. Introduction "Allelopathy" is the term used to refer to certain biochemical interactions between all types of plants, including micro-organisms. Allelopathic Impact of Plants Introduction "Allelopathy" is the term used to refer to certain biochemical interactions between all types of plants, including micro-organisms.
Allelopathy research papers Network access control solutions comparison essay ontology research paper internal citation in research paper animal farm communism essay mauritius play analysis essay blue flag poem analysis essays dada vs surrealism essays joseph wood krutch essays essay shame the lady of shalott painting review essay word.
After this paper, the link between allelopathy and the success of plant invasions became a central theme in allelopathic studies. Hierro and Callaway presents the idea that allelopathic interactions are the basis for the success of exotic plants.
In this paper, allelopathy is accepted as a technology to implement for weed control and biological control of other useful traits. Allelopathy can be defined as a component of biological control in which plants are used to reduce the vigor and development of .